Sunday, January 13, 2008

Special Diets

A client with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) should:

A. Decrease protein.
B. Increase protein and avoid alcohol.
C. Decrease protein and restrict spicy foods.
D. Increase protein and increase fatty foods.

Answer: B. Clients with GERD should avoid strong stimulants of acid secretion (such as alcohol), increase protein and avoid foods that reduce LES competence (such as fatty foods, tomato-based foods and onions).

The diet for a client with cystine stones should be low in:

A. Purine
B. Phosphorus
C. Calcium
D. Protein

Answer: D.

A client with hyperthyroidism should have a diet which is:

A. High in protein and vitamin C
B. High in purine and vitamin B
C. High in protein and vitamin B
D. High and protein and vitamin D

Answer: C. Clients with hyperthyroidism should have a high calorie diet, which is high in protein and vitamin B.

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