Saturday, April 07, 2007

Physiological Adaptation: TRUE or FALSE

1.Open reduction involves force applied in two directions to obtain alignment and to reduce or eliminate muscle spasms.

Answer: FALSE. Open reduction is an operative procedure utilized to achieve bone alignment through use of pins, wires, rods or nails. These secure bone fragments and keep them in position.

2. As the incision heals following a leg amputation, the bandage is applied in a cone shape to prepare the stump for prosthesis.

Answer: TRUE.

3. The most important activity a client can perform following thoracic surgery are arm exercises to prevent shoulder ankylosis.

Answer: FALSE. Deep breathing and coughing up sputum are the most important activities following surgery. This prevents airway obstruction by reducing bronchotracheal secretions, preventing atelectasis and promoting ventilation.

4. The best activity for a client displaying hyperactive behavior would be playing chess.

Answer: FALSE. Clients who are hyperactive need to participate in activities which allow for energy release without the external stimuli and pressure of competitive games.

5. For aging clients, thinning of the skin increases the risk for infection.

Answer: TRUE. Thin skin means the client is prone to skin tears and pressure ulcers, which reduce the skin's ability to act as a barrier to infection.

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